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Title: Evaluating mental disorders and physician-based mental health services for patients enrolled in opioid agonists treatment across Ontario, Canada
Authors: Morin, Kristen A.
Keywords: Opioid use disorder;opioid agonist treatment;mental disorders;physician-based mental health services;rurality;northern Ontario;comorbidity;concurrent care
Issue Date: 15-Jun-2020
Abstract: The overall purpose of this thesis was to explore the relationship between physician-based mental health services and all-cause mortality, emergency department visits and, hospitalizations among patients receiving opioid agonist treatment (OAT) in different regions of Ontario. I conducted a retrospective cohort study using secondary health administrative data from ICES. Specifically, I used the Ontario Health Insurance Plan (OHIP) and the Ontario Drug Benefit Plan (ODB) databases to identify patients. Eligible patients were 15 years of age and over and were receiving OAT from January 1, 2011, and December 31, 2015. I conducted quantitative analyses using logistic regression and propensity score matching methods to test the relationship between concurrent physician-based mental health services and OAT and health service outcomes. Five core findings were brought together in this thesis: (a) having a diagnosis of one or more mental disorders while in OAT was associated with a higher likelihood of mortality and a more complex profile of health service utilization when compared to patients in OAT who had not been diagnosed with mental disorders; (b) active engagement in OAT was associated with a reduced likelihood of all-cause mortality, emergency department visits, and hospitalizations compared to patients who had been but were not actively engaged in OAT; (c) receiving mental health services from physicians (i.e., psychiatrists, primary care or both) while actively enrolled in OAT was associated with a reduction in the likelihood of all-cause mortality compared to patients not receiving mental health services while in OAT; (d) physician-based mental health services (from psychiatrists, primary care or both) while enrolled in OAT was associated with frequent ED visits and hospitalizations; and (e) fewer patients accessed mental health services while enrolled in OAT in northern and rural Ontario compared to southern and urban regions of the province.
Appears in Collections:Rural and Northern Health - Doctoral theses

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