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Title: A fluid-flow modeling approach for predictive mapping of orogenic gold mineralization in the Malartic camp, Canada
Authors: Xu, Limin
Keywords: Greenstone belts;petrophysics;heat transport;OpenGeoSys
Issue Date: 21-Sep-2021
Abstract: Orogenic gold deposits are structurally controlled and commonly formed in the transition zone between brittle and ductile crustal domains. Formation of disseminated or localized gold mineralization involves structural features (e.g., fault zones, fold hinges), contrasts in physical properties (e.g., rock competency and permeability, lithostatic and hydrostatic pressure, temperature) or chemical variability (e.g., rock chemistry, fluid composition). Orogenic gold deposits form in convergent tectonic settings, at crustal depths of between 3 and 18 km, from the Paleoarchean to the present. However, the goal of this study is just to investigate the hydrothermal properties of a model and predict the influence of deformation zones, rock types and the associated physical parameters on fluid-flow associated with orogenic gold systems, and subsequently develop new feature-engineered layers for mineral exploration purpose. Open-source numerical modeling software OpenGeoSys, has been used to reconstruct the major fault network in the Malartic mining district, in an area 19.7 km long and 7.3 km wide. This model can compare thermal convection fluid flow with deformation induced fluid flow. Results of numerical simulations conducted in OpenGeoSys and relative calculations from different physical parameters along faults or intrusive contacts explain the existence of a spatial association with the distribution of orogenic gold prospects and mines in the Malartic camp. Results of Weight of Evidence demonstrate that the incorporation of faults in 3D finite element models for coupled fluid and heat transport simulations has the potential of indicating favorable areas for gold mineralization in a 3D space, which can ultimately lead to new mineral discoveries.
Appears in Collections:Geology - Master's Theses

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