Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://zone.biblio.laurentian.ca/handle/10219/3615
Title: Ixodid tick effects on deer mice (Peromyscus maniculatus) hematology and ectop
Authors: Fellin, Erica E.
Keywords: community ecology;hematology;naïve hosts;parasite-host interactions;tick range expansion
Issue Date: 23-Nov-2020
Abstract: The ranges of the blacklegged tick (Ixodes scapularis) and the wood tick (Dermacentor variabilis) are expanding northward in Ontario, Canada in response to climate warming, reaching naïve or inexperienced host populations of deer mice (Peromyscus maniculatus) in more northern areas. As hematophagous parasites, ticks can affect their host’s hematology and differing levels of hemoglobin in mice populations where tick exposure varies, may be due to the difference in exposure to ticks. If a naïve mouse population does not cohabitate with an established tick population, the mice should then have higher hemoglobin levels since they are not being affected by ticks. The parasite community structures of deer mouse hosts should also differ when ticks are prevalent at varying exposure levels, as the prevalence of these ticks is expected to decrease the likelihood of other ectoparasite species co-occurring with them on the host. Blood samples were collected from individual mice from populations where: 1) both blacklegged ticks and wood ticks were prevalent, 2) only wood ticks were prevalent, or 3) where both tick species were absent in order to assess hemoglobin levels. Ectoparasites were collected from these same mice to determine parasite loads and species co-occurrences. Both my hypotheses were supported as hemoglobin levels were found to be higher in naïve mice compared to infested mice, particularly those with high tick infestations, and heterospecific parasite prevalence appeared to be higher when ticks were absent. As the ticks’ ranges expand, it is important to understand the differences between naïve and experienced hosts when the prevalence of these ticks can potentially alter the physiology and community assemblages of naïve mice.
URI: https://zone.biblio.laurentian.ca/handle/10219/3615
Appears in Collections:Biology - Master's Theses

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