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Title: Life-history trade-offs in Northern leopard frog (Lithobates [Rana] Pipiens) tadpoles: interactions of trace metals, temperature, and ranavirus
Authors: Leduc, Joël
Keywords: Northern Leopard Frog;ecotoxicological research;metal contamination;host-pathogen systems
Issue Date: 19-Mar-2014
Publisher: Laurentian University of Sudbury
Abstract: Emerging infectious diseases, pollution and climate change are associated with amphibian extinction events worldwide; however, direct causation is often obscured by the interactions of these stressors. Elucidating the possible synergies between metal contamination and disease is, therefore, critical in advancing our knowledge of the co-evolutionary mechanisms in host-pathogen systems and helping with the ability to better forecast the spread of diseases in metal-stressed environments. Additionally, increasing ecotoxicological research has improved our understanding of the complex influence trace metals may have on the physico-chemical nature of aquatic systems; however, the discrepancy in concentration-response within the toxicological literature makes it difficult to accurately define the range of toxicity, often due to the variability in media used in experimentation. The first chapter of this thesis reports an evaluation of copper, nickel and copper/nickel concentrations on several Northern Leopard Frog (Lithobates [Rana] pipiens) larvae life history traits within field collected smelting effluent water. Overall, results indicated that copper had a stronger negative impact on survival than nickel. However, tadpoles exposed to copper displayed increased growth and developmental patterns while those exposed to nickel demonstrated opposing life history traits. These results indicate that tadpoles are displaying different fitness strategies, in terms of survival and life history, in the presence of increased copper and/or nickel stress.
Appears in Collections:Biology - Master's Theses
Master's Theses

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