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Title: Numerical modeling of brittle rock failure around underground openings under statis and dynamic stress loadings
Authors: Golchinfar, Nader
Keywords: rock failure;FLAC;underground excavation;rockburst
Issue Date: 9-Oct-2013
Publisher: Laurentian University of Sudbury
Abstract: Stability of underground excavations is a prerequisite for the proper functioning of all other systems in a mining environment. From a safety point of view, the lives of people working underground rely on how well the support systems installed underground are performing. The ground control engineer cannot design an effective support system unless the area of the rock mass around the opening, prone to failure, is well identified in advance, even before the excavation of the tunnel. Under high stress conditions, usually experienced at deep mining levels, stress-induced rock failure is the most common type of instability around the underground openings. This thesis focuses firstly on the use of the finite difference numerical tool FLAC to simulate brittle rock failure under static in-situ stresses. Brittle failure of the rock mass around underground openings is a particular type of stress-induced failure, which can result in notch-shaped breakouts around the boundary of the tunnel. Generation of these breakout zones is a discontinuum process and approximating this process using FLAC, which is a continuum tool, requires careful consideration of the stress conditions and the stress related behavior of rock material. Based on plasticity theory, this thesis makes an effort to estimate the breakout formation using an elastic – brittle - plastic material model. Due to seismic challenges that deep mining operations are currently experiencing, rockbursting is a major hazard to the stability of underground structures. Therefore in this research, brittle failure of rock in the vicinity of the underground excavations is approximated also under dynamic loading conditions. The numerically modeled results of two different material models iv are compared with each other along with a previously developed empirical graph. This assessment, when further validated by field observations, may provide a different perspective for underground support design under burst-prone conditions.
Appears in Collections:Master's Theses
Natural Resources Engineering - Master's Theses

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